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Mortgage closing, sometimes known as settlement, is when you sign the documents to buy a home. Remember the amount of paperwork you had to sign to buy a new car? Multiply that by a factor just under infinity to get an idea of how much paperwork you’ll face.
Some settlement agents have adopted paperless closings, but the industry has been slow to change. More than likely, a printer will be spitting out a pile of warm paper on your behalf.
It’s likely that you don’t plan to stay in your home for 30 years, but the fact is, if you take out a traditional loan, you’re committing to a 30-year debt. Take a moment to consider the interest you’ll pay just in the first five years. That’s when it will hit you: This really is a big deal, so big that you might not want to go it alone.
The closing attorney represents the seller or the lender, but not you. If your state does not require a buyer’s attorney to be present at closing, make sure you have someone who knows the process with you, such as your real estate agent. This is definitely a time when no question should go unanswered. Make sure you understand the details of everything you sign.
From start to finish, here’s a closing period checklist. The time from signed contract to loan closing typically spans 30 to 60 days.
Take the signed sale contract to your lender and begin the finalization of your loan. At that time, you’ll consider whether you want to lock in your interest rate. The lender will provide you a loan estimate detailing the terms and costs of your loan within three days.
Order a home inspection, and perhaps a radon and termite inspection. Try to schedule them so you can tag along.
Confirm that your lender has ordered an appraisal.
Follow up on matters uncovered by the home inspection.
Track deadlines on any contingencies, conditions of a sale that are negotiated as part of the contract, such as the seller fixing the roof or the buyer arranging financing.
Contact your insurance agent to establish a homeowners policy to go into effect the day of closing.
Schedule utility transfers and complete a change of address form. Attend to other moving details.
Has the closing date been set yet? Make sure you know where the closing will be held — and how to get there.
Review the official closing disclosure before the closing to review all of the terms and the fees that will be due at signing. Compare it to the loan estimate you received previously. If there’s a discrepancy, talk to your lender right away.
Know how much you’ll owe at closing — and how you’ll be paying (cashier’s check, certified check, wire transfer, etc.).
Close out any contingencies.
Confirm with the lender that the mortgage loan process is on track for the scheduled closing date.
A day or so before closing, conduct a walk-through of the home to be sure it’s in proper condition. If there’s a problem, your agent will need to contact the seller immediately to discuss possible remedies or adjustments at closing.
Determine whether any additional information or documentation will be required at closing.
Bring a photo ID and closing funds.
Sign a mountain of paperwork.
Get the keys!
As a part of the closing process, you might be offered the option of purchasing a home warranty. A typical basic warranty can run about $500 per year, according to Realty Times. As with any other service contract offered with a major purchase, it has pros and cons:
Pros: You’re likely to receive discounted (but probably not free) service calls as well as the repair or replacement of appliances and major systems such as electrical, plumbing, air conditioning and furnace. Having a home warranty can provide some extra peace of mind, especially if you’ve purchased a distressed property.
Cons: There’s always fine print. Be sure to read the exclusions and limitations. You probably won’t be able to choose your service provider, and some services might require additional fees.
Gathering around a table with stacks of documents to sign can be intimidating. Have a cup of coffee, chat a few moments and settle in. Take as much time as you need to read everything closely.
There might be last-minute glitches. A fee here or there may vary from the original estimate, and you deserve a full explanation of any changes. And your interest rate could change, unless you paid for a rate lock. (Do you have it in writing?) Most of the time, it all goes smoothly, but if things spiral out of control, remain calm. You can’t be forced to close the deal if you’re suddenly uncomfortable with the process.
If you decide to walk away, ask how much money it will cost you. Almost certainly, you’ll lose the earnest money in escrow — and there can be additional damages for a contract default. It’s not a decision to make lightly.
Now that we’ve had that little moment of drama, relax. Expect things to go well. You’re just that much closer to getting the keys to your new home.
Hal Bundrick is a staff writer at NerdWallet, a personal finance website.
This article originally appeared on NerdWallet.